The first portion of the overland trail led to Utah as well as Oregon and Montana. The Mormon trail was almost 1,300 miles long and crossed great plains, rugged lands, and the Rocky Mountains. About 2,100 pioneers in 13 wagon companies journeyed to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. After that, the combined steam power of ocean liners and rail locomotives made it possible for European Saints to travel from their homelands to the Rocky Mountains in just over three weeks and for a fraction of the cost. The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). Hundreds of Mormon pioneers were buried along the trail, most in unmarked graves. Respect for life and death 10. Learn about the Mormon Trail at the California Trail Interpretive Center. The Mormon Trail was a two-way road 7. About 700 Saints remained in Nauvoo, many of them ill and without means to travel. 1. They arrived at the Missouri River in May, too late to continue farther west. General Albert Sidney Johnston also used this trail during 1857-58 for dispatching various detachments and the supplies for over 5,000 soldiers with which he had been ordered to subjugate the Mormons, who had defied the authority of the National Government. Deep mud and swollen streams slowed their progress. Latter-day Saint volunteers in the Mormon Battalion sent their army pay back to Winter Quarters to help their families. As in Iowa, variants evolved, but all LDS immigrants used all or parts of this trans-Missouri trail. The Mormon Trail was used for more than 20 years after the Mormons used it and has been reserved for sightseeing. They followed territorial roads and Indian trails across Iowa; various segments of the Oregon Trail from the Missouri River to Fort Bridger in present western Wyoming; and the year-old trail of the ill-fated California-bound Reed-Donner party from Fort Bridger into the valley of the Great Salt Lake. 14 Data on company size was also included. When available, this information was used to get a full name, sex, age, death date, place of death, sources of the information in the Ancestral File, and additional notes. This part of the trail was used extensively from 1847 until completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. Many years have passed since the advent of the Mormon Trail. The Mormon … The Mormon Trail is 1,032 miles from Winter Quarters (near Florence Nebraska) to Salt Lake City, Utah. Step one involved research on the location of the Trail, associated sites and the historic land use near the Trail between 1846 and 1868. Beginning in 1846, tens of thousands of Latter-day Saints left homes, friends, and families and endured the rigors of travel by ship, wagon, handcart, and train to gather with fellow Saints in the Rocky Mountains of North America. Rescue teams returned east to help them rejoin the Saints at Garden Grove, Mount Pisgah, and other settlements across Iowa. While the 1846-1847 trek from Nauvoo to Salt Lake City is by far the best-known part of the twenty-three-year-long Mormon overland migration, it is only part of the story. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. The completion of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1869 ended extensive use of the trail as the railroad tracks followed essentially this same route. Many of Nebraska’s highways today, including Interstate 80, are on or near routes used over one hundred years ago by explorers, fur traders, covered wagon pioneers, and many others. This part of the trail was used relatively little: mainly by Latter-day Saints fleeing Illinois in 1846, by some immigrants "jumping off" from Keokuk, Iowa, in 1853, and in 1856-1857 by seven handcart companies from Iowa City who entered the Mormon Trail at present-day Lewis, Cass County, Iowa. Besides the money they were paid, soldiers gained experience on the march to California that helped them lead others across the continent to the Rocky Mountains. Even as Mormon pioneers traveled both west and east, they were far from the only travelers on a very busy trail. The Trail in California. As times change, so do styles and techniques related to food preparation. In 1852, agents in Copenhagen, Denmark, began making similar arrangements for Danish and other Scandinavian converts—later joined by German, Swiss, Italian, and French converts. These involved research, field data collection and evaluation of the project corridors. Traveling in military-style "companies," they made improvements to the trail and built support facilities to aid those following. Oregon Trail - Oregon Trail - Missionaries, Mormons, and others: The first missionary group to the West left Independence in 1834. Some 70K people travelled it from 1847 until the train got to Utah in 1869. The Mormon Trail or the Mormon Pioneer Trail is the 1,300 mile route that members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints traveled from 1846 to 1868. An exhibit in the Church History Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah, highlights their efforts of faith and commitment through objects they brought with them between 1846 … A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, https://eom.byu.edu/index.php?title=Mormon_Pioneer_Trail&oldid=3231. As in Iowa, variants evolved, but all LDS immigrants used all or parts of this trans-Missouri trail. The Oregon Trail was the Interstate of the 1800s. In one way or another, however, all these trails eventually intersected the Mormon Trail. Cooks are using conventional ovens rather than Dutch ovens, are cooking indoors rather than exposed to the elements and are using modern-day refrigeration rather than cellars. Besides practical advice about organizing wagon companies for traveling, the Lord also urged His Apostles to rely on Him along their way. The Mormon Trail … An exhibit in the Church History Museum in Salt Lake City, Utah, highlights their efforts of faith and commitment through objects they brought with them between 1846 and 1890. This was one thing that slowed the Donners down and led to their, um, unpleasantness in California’s snowy Sierra Nevadas. Winter Quarters was the principal settlement for Latter-day Saints who gathered along the Missouri River in 1846. This company of 143 men, 3 women, and 2 children kept careful records that benefited all who followed. The trail became one of the great roadways to the west, used by Mormons, military expeditions, gold seekers and settlers. When that happened, they made their way across Iowa to a place near present day Council Bluffs. This was the last alteration for starting for the Mormon Trail head to the west. Yet their dramatic stories of faith and perseverance have become emblematic of the pioneer spirit. That infamous Donner Party actually blazed much of the Mormon Trail’s Utah portion a year before the first Mormons came through. Strengthened by this revelation, Brigham Young’s vanguard company set out in April and arrived at the Great Salt Lake Valley in July. Chad M. Orton “‘This Shall Be Our Covenant’: D&C 136,” Revelations in Context series, Feb. 25, 2015, history.lds.org, Saints: The Story of the Church of Jesus Christ in the Latter Days. Under the leadership of Brigham Young, the first group of Mormons set out from Nauvoo, to an undetermined destination somewhere in the Great Basin. This part of the trail was used extensively from 1847 until completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869. Mormons continued to use the Oregon Trail from Independence through the 1850s and ’60s. 5. Topographically, the trail led across the central lowlands and high plains of eastern and central Nebraska, then the upland trough of western Nebraska and eastern Wyoming, through the Wyoming basin and the middle Rocky Mountains, and into the desert valleys of the Great Basin. The Mormon Trail was used for twenty-three years, from 1846 to 1869. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-mormon-trail.html The Mormon Battalion crossed the Colorado River into what is now California on January 9 and 10, 1847, near Yuma. Today the Mormon Trail is a part of the U.S. National Trails System, called the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail. 2. The Pacific islands, Australia, and New Zealand were the homelands of hundreds of Saints by 1890. After 1860, Church-sponsored down-and-back wagon trains replaced handcarts as an inexpensive way for impoverished Saints to reach Zion. In January 1847, Brigham Young received a revelation now included as section 136 in the Doctrine and Covenants. Beginning in 1840, Latter-day Saint agents at Liverpool, England, chartered boats for large companies of emigrating Saints. Today this part of the Mormon Trail is difficult to follow, not because of the terrain but because modern roads seldom parallel it and because the plow has destroyed most vestiges of it. Handcart companies provided determined Saints with an alternative, economical way to reach Zion. The magnanimous aspect of the Mormon migration 8. They largely followed the Platte River. This page was last modified on 29 March 2008, at 05:19. Out of about 70,000 Mormon pioneers who traveled before 1869, only about 3,000 used handcarts. Trails are compared with nearby trails in the same city region with a possible 25 colour shades. Between 1848 and 1868, LDS immigrants traveling west from the Missouri River developed or utilized at least a dozen other points of departure and followed many other trails, such as the Oxbow Trail (1849-1864), the Mormon Grove Trail (1855-1856), and the Nebraska City Cutoff (1864-1866). In Utah, although modern roads follow the trail closely, very few of the original ruts remain. Some of the Mormon pioneers used handcarts in 1855 and in 1856. The initial movement of the Mormons from Nauvoo, Illinois to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake occurred in two segments: one in 1846 and one in 1847. The famous Oregon, Mormon, and California trails all passed through the Platte River Valley. The organization of Mormon wagon trains 9. Mormons on their trek from Illinois to … Today, the Lincoln Highway (Highway 30) follows this great roadway to the west. Beginning in 1846, tens of thousands of Latter-day Saints left homes, friends, and families and endured the rigors of travel by ship, wagon, handcart, and train to gather with fellow Saints in the Rocky Mountains of North America. Directions to mormon-trail-east trailhead (40.828100, -111.653630) update trails status or condition Mormon Trail (East) Trail Reports. About 500 men and several women and children volunteered to march from Iowa to the Pacific Ocean in what became known as the Mormon Battalion. A three-step approach was used to do the study of the Mormon Trail.