Trani J-F, Browne J, Kett M, Bah O, Morlai T, Bailey N, et al. DEDICATION (NO REQUIRED FOR RESEARCH PAPER) (The dedication, as the name suggests is a … Both univariate and multivariate (binary logistic regression) analyses were undertaken to assess the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and prevalence of disability. This thesis focuses on service utilisation among children with mild ID and their families, their needs for support and their experiences of support . Andrich rating scale model was used with Winsteps (Ver 3.80) to perform Rasch analysis [17]. disability can also be defined as any form of impairment that negatively affects the ability of a person to function by and large. This means that the subject in question will have difficulties to develop daily and ordinary tasks that, to the rest of the individuals, they are not complicated. PubMed  The individual questionnaire comprises four sections: 1) demographics, 2) self-assessment of functioning, 3) well-being, and 4) access to the community. endobj A population-based survey was undertaken in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City. Another limitation was that the assessment of disability was based on self-reported difficulty with functioning and further clinical investigations were not performed to confirm respondents’ self-reported difficulties. The well-being scores were significantly lower for people with disabilities (mean ± SD: 57.3 ± 14.6) compared to people without disability (mean ± SD: 66.1 ± 14.1), p < 0.001. 2013;41:1–18. Participants in Quezon City were comparatively younger, and had a higher level of education compared to participants in Ligao City. The Age and Sex Structure of the Philippine Population: (Facts from the 2010 Census). The resulting measures showed adequate psychometric properties and therefore the Rasch scores were used in subsequent analyses. We are grateful to all participants and the entire W-DARE team for their contribution to the study. Nations U. �2��1�mG;u�l�Wx�|��FK���٨�֨ayO��I8���&�r�n���n��I4��5:��^�}�Ta�[��3ڶ����P��uc�bQd�c1�I��K�;�bE���L�&��ӷC<=-A³��q�gKn��' The prevalence of functional limitation was 7.2 (95 % CI: 6.2, 8.3) in Quezon City and 14.0 % (95 % CI: 11.5, 17.0) in Ligao City. In todays society people with disablities have to overcome many obstacles in their lives that their disability brings them in which they ( … The prevalence of disability was associated with age and no schooling, but not associated with poverty. Disability is also associated with lower well-being and reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. The major barriers reported under each domain were similar among people with and without disabilities (Table 5). <> In the Philippines, alcohol plays a large role in criminal activities and violence. In both locations the prevalence of disability was significantly higher among those with no schooling. The State shall take into consideration the special requirements of disabled persons in the formulation of educational policies and programs. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> www.nda.ie 6 1.1. Disability was highest among persons aged 5 to 19 years. For each participant identified to have disability, an age- (with an accepted difference of 2 years) and sex-matched control who did not have disability from the same segment was invited to complete all sections of the questionnaire. People with disabilities generally had lower access to all domains in the community compared to people without disability. Asset index was used as a proxy indicator for wealth status using principal components analysis on the data from the household questionnaire [16]. Eide A, Loeb M. Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Zambia: a national representative study. BMC Public Health. Disability, CBR & Inclusive Development. This thesis is wholeheartedly dedicated to my family in the Philippines – Papa Polo, Mama Bebette, Manong Tonton, AJ, and Lynlyn – and to the Persons with Disabilities sector on the planet who still struggles to access quality and inclusive education. © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. This paper outlines the quantitative findings from this survey that aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of disability and its socioeconomic correlates in people aged 18 years and above in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City; and (2) compare well-being and participation of people with disabilities in their community to those without disability in the two locations. Marella M, Busija L, Islam A, Devine A, Fotis K, Baker S, et al. Cite this article. Poverty and disability: A survey of the literature. Filmer D, Pritchett LH. 2015. Department of Health, National Center for Disease Prevention, Control Degenerative Diseases Office. endobj The RAD questionnaire was used in this study. Marella M, Huq NL, Devine A, Baker S, Quaiyum MA, Keeffe JE. <> In Ligao City, a total of 823 people were enumerated, of whom 765 (93.0 %) participated in the survey and 58 (7.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. Supervised field practice sessions were conducted as part of the training. Oslo: SINTEF; 2006. These prevalence estimates are different from those derived from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing and the World Report on Disability because of differences in the methods used for measuring disability. A total of 265 people with disabilities (cases) were matched with 204 people without disability (controls) in both locations. 2015;37(12):1082–9. Thesis statement on learning disabilities: definition. Disability is more prevalent among older respondents and those who had little or no education. The RAD household questionnaire was administered to the head of household and the individual questionnaire to all eligible participants in the household. Rasch analysis was used to derive person measures for the well-being section. Disability is also associated with reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. While this could potentially affect the generalizability of the findings, the impact may be insignificant because the response rate was good in both areas. Data will be made available upon request when the project has been finalized. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities. A page and one-half is approximately 350 words.) Elwan A. The prevalence of disability was 6.8 (95 % CI: 5.9, 7.9) and 13.6 % (95 % CI: 11.4, 16.2) in Quezon City and Ligao City respectively. World report on disability. This protocol was approved by the ethics committees. Aims The overall aim of the thesis was to explore and d escribe service utilisation patterns among ... disability -related serv ices and those that address social problems during the same year. The reference groups were 18–24 years, male, fifth quintile, college/technical education. 1 0 obj In this survey, the sample from Quezon City was younger and had higher levels of education compared to the sample in Ligao City. The mean ± SD age of participants was 38.9 ± 14.3 years in Quezon City and 41.9 ± 16.5 years in Ligao City, and women were over-represented in both locations. The prevalence of disability was not significantly different among people aged between 18 and 44 years in Ligao City. These differences in estimates are mainly due to the variation in methods used for measuring disability. Barriers related to costs were both direct (fees), and indirect costs (e.g., transport). Mental health and development: targeting people with mental health conditions as a vulnerable group. Key Words: Persons with disabilities, PWDs, Philippine Star, Philippine Daily Inquirer View Thesis persons. A thesis abstract should consist of 350 words or less including the heading. in the Philippines, exposure to – and information about – persons with disabilities are minimal, and rehabilitation services are very limited. Human Development Report 2014 - Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Disability in post-earthquake Haiti: prevalence and inequality in access to services. Responding to the needs and priorities of people with disabilities, for example, requires context-specific information on the lived experience of disability and how this intersects with access to essential life domains, such as health, education, employment, and social inclusion. The independent variables were age of respondent, sex, education level, and asset quintiles. However, the reader is cautioned not to generalize the information that follows to all Filipinos in BMC Public Health. For ease of interpretation the scores were rescaled to range from 0 to 100, where a high score represented better well-being. Each question asked for the level of difficulty on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from no difficulty to unable to do [1]. Similar to their study, this survey also found that people with disabilities were deprived of access to these services compared to their age- and sex-matched controls. Manila is the capital of the country, located in Luzon which is the largest island. Having a disability and negative family attitudes were reported as barriers for people with disabilities participating in work, community meetings, religious activities, and social activities. <>>> Danquah L, Polack S, Brus A, Mactaggart I, Houdon CP, Senia P, et al. Terms and Conditions, The input of Disabled People’s Organizations into our research approach and the inclusion of people with disabilities in the survey team has increased the capacity of researchers with disability in the Philippines, and increased engagement between people with disabilities and policymakers, service providers, and government representatives at all levels. People with disabilities had significantly lower well-being scores and reduced access to health services, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management than people without disability. Manjula Marella. The difference was statistically significant for accessing health, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management between cases and controls. Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - Or tears: An application to educational enrollments in states of India. California Privacy Statement, The World Bank Economic Review. The 2010 Census of Population and Housing estimated the disability prevalence at 1.6 % [10] using questions based on the short set of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG) questionnaire [18]. We anticipate that, in the context of the Philippines, most people working outside the home would not have moderate or severe disability. Rapid assessment of disability in the Philippines: understanding prevalence, well-being, and access to the community for people with disabilities to inform the W-DARE project. Age and sex adjusted prevalence was derived using projected population estimates for 2014 as the reference standard. Filmer D. Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries: results from 14 household surveys. An archipelago of 7,107 islands, it has 100.98 million people2 and is characterized by: • High numbers of children: in 2010, almost 40% of the population was under 183 A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted in District 2 in Quezon City (a densely populated, urban district) and in Ligao City, Albay (a predominantly rural district) in the Philippines between December 2013 and January 2014. 7 0 obj 2015;15(1):984. (Begin the abstract here, typewritten and double-spaced. The well-being section includes items such as good health, making friends, being safe in daily life, and taking care of one’s self, where the frequency of experiencing the situation was reported on a 4-point Likert scale ranging from ‘never’ to ‘all of the time.’ The last section on access to the community is comprised of domains related to health, education, work, social, legal, religious, rehabilitation, and other services. There are several community-based rehabilitation programs in the Philippines and scaling up these programs to consider the needs of older people with disabilities would benefit communities with aging populations. endobj Comparing participation of people with disabilities with their age- and sex-matched controls is also important to inform future policies and programs in the study sites. As in other lower- and middle-income countries, rural-to-urban migration is common in the Philippines and people moving to urban areas are more likely to be young and educated [21]. In the contemporary times the phenomena does not only refer to the above mentioned but also the study has confirmed that disability has more to … Mitra S, Posarac A, Vick B. The Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago consisting of 7,100 islands in the Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. People with disabilities face all forms of discrimination and exclusion from the social, cultural, political, and economic life of their communities [1]. Each eligible member of the household was administered the ‘demographics’ and ‘self-assessment of functioning’ sections of the RAD. Correspondence to PubMed Google Scholar. Although women from both locations were more likely to have disability than men, the difference was statistically insignificant because of smaller sample size and limitation with recruiting participants in the survey. Cases and controls were similar in age, sex, types of occupation, marital status, location, and socioeconomic status (Table 3). Phase one involved the collection of quantitative and qualitative data to understand the lived experience of people with disabilities in the Philippines. disability are improving in Ireland and worldwide. If you want to learn more about the senior citizen benefits and person with disability privileges in the Philippines, you can check out the following links: Senior Citizens • Republic Act No. 10 0 obj Quisumbing AR, McNiven S. Migration and the Rural–urban Continuum: Evidence from the Rural Philippines. BMC Public Health. MEASUREMENT OF DISABILITY (PHILIPPINES) Wilma A. Guillen Assistant National Statistician Social Sector Statistics Service SSO, PSA UN Regional Meeting on Disability Measurement and Statistics in support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 2020 World Population and Housing Census Program 26-28 July 2016 endobj For participants who were not literate, the consent form was read to them and their verbal agreement was recorded by the interviewer in front of a witness. Geneva: United Nations; 2006. Mental health is known to be associated with social participation, access to economic resources, and freedom from discrimination and violence, all conditions which people with disabilities are less likely to attain [22]. As a person with a disability, she yearns for the time when former leprosy patients can mingle and live with family members and be accepted fully by society. In the Philippines, women and children with disabilities were found to have lower literacy and school participation rates, and generally have lower educational attainment, than male PWDs and non-disabled children, respectively (Reyes, 2015). It shall be unlawful for any learning institution to deny a disabled person admission to any course it offers by reason of handicap or disability. (632) 8651-7800 DOH Call Center Telephone No: (632) 8651-7800 local 5003-5004 (632) 165-364 Mobile No (DOH Main Office): +63919-1601418 Email Address: callcenter@doh.gov.ph People with disabilities also experienced significant participation restrictions compared to people without disability. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. 5 0 obj World Bank. <> The respondents were asked “Does ___ have any difficulty/problem in seeing, hearing, walking, remembering, self-care, and communication?” However, the respondents were asked to rate difficulty of functioning in the different domains on a dichotomous scale (yes/no) [10], which has been demonstrated to underestimate disability prevalence and may in fact correspond only to the prevalence of severe disability [19]. statement and CI, Confidence interval; CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; ICF, International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health; RAD, Rapid Assessment of Disability; SD, Standard Deviation; SDGs, Global Goals for Sustainable Development; W-DARE Women with Disability taking Action on Reproductive and sexual health project; WHS, World Health Survey. Employment of persons with disabilities (PWDs) in the Philippines: The case of Metro Manila and Rosario, Batangas Christian D. Mina † Abstract Persons with disability (PWDs) among the vulnerable groups are in the country that need utmost attention from the government.This is the perhaps the reason why the institutional Households within clusters were selected through compact segment sampling where each cluster was divided into clearly demarcated segments of equal population of about 50 people aged 18 years and above. This is perhaps the reason why the institutional and legal environment has been made favorable to this particular group, especially in the area of employment. Disabil Rehabil. However, a study commissioned by Disability Rights Promotion International (DRPI) and the National Federation of Organizations of people with disabilities in the Philippines (Katipunan ng Maykapansanan sa Pilipinas, Inc., KAMPI) in 2008, found that a number of the rights of people with disabilities were regularly violated [12]. Trani JF, Loeb M. Poverty and disability: a vicious circle? People with disabilities also experienced statistically significant participation restrictions in social activities, community meetings, and religious activities compared to matched controls. The Rapid Assessment of Disability (RAD) survey was used to identify people with disabilities based on their responses to activity limitations. 9994 – Expanded Senior Citizens Act of 2010 • OSCA Facebook Page (please help … People with disabilities also reported negative family attitudes, such as family not wanting them to participate in work and social activities, a barrier to community participation not reported by people without disability. In line with Article 31 of the CRPD, which charges State Parties to collect data on disability to inform disability-inclusive policies [11], the SDGs will include targets for collecting data specific to disability. There were also a number of strengths to this study. Washington: International Food Policy Research Institute; 2005. Questionnaires were translated into Tagalog and then translated back into English. As he grew older, he was carried on a cart, and a makeshift sledge. Individuals were ranked according to the asset index of the household in which they resided. Information on barriers to accessing the community was also collected. The demographic section includes items related to age, gender, ethnicity, religion, marital status, education, occupation, health conditions, and information on any assistive devices used. Outline of Presentation 1. Article  Vaughan C, Zayas J, Devine A, Gill-Atkinson L, Marella M, Garcia J, et al. Manila: Department of Health; 2009. 9 0 obj All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript’s final version. PubMed  The study interviewed people with disabilities from Metro Manila, and the Luzon, Mindanao, and Visayas island groups. This sample size required 60 clusters of 50 people aged 18 years and older, of which 45 clusters were selected from District 2 of Quezon City and 15 clusters from Ligao City. This study has also generated considerable context-specific data, which the W-DARE project have used to inform the design of interventions to increase access to specific domains of community life for people with disabilities in Quezon City and Ligao City. <> Disabil Rehabil. Persons with disability (PWDs) are among the vulnerable groups in the country that need utmost attention from the government. Loeb and Trani argued that socioeconomic status measures based on asset ownership only consider one dimension of poverty and wealth, and recommended using multidimensional approaches to measuring poverty when considering access to basic services related to health, education, and employment [25]. Population Health Metrics Springer Nature. Part of J Int Dev. The similarity of their findings to results obtained using the RAD may be because both studies used questions about specific activity limitations. The survey was validated in Bangladesh and Fiji [15]. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Barriers for participation reported by cases and controls were similar across most domains because the matched respondents belonged to communities that were poorly resourced. The prevalence of disability among adults in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City is higher than the estimated national prevalence of disability derived from the 2010 Philippines census. For a long time, Filipinos with disabilities have suffered from discrimination. Article  As indicated earlier, the non-respondents are less likely to have a disability as the majority of them were away for work. Detailed maps with landmarks and roads were obtained from the National Statistical Office or drawn. Within the selected segment, the survey team visited all households door-to-door, until 50 people aged 18 years and older were recruited. Although this survey had a good response rate, the majority of non-responders, particularly in Quezon City, were men either because they were away for work or because they did not want to participate in the survey. : prevalence and correlates of disability in the supervision of the literature which is the largest.. Data we use in the community was also collected among those with no schooling their skills and previous.! To derive person measures for the majority of the manuscript randomly selected by drawing lots a of... Women with disabilities ( cases ) were matched with 204 people without.. Socioeconomic characteristics of the training, Edmonds T, Bailey N, et al the work the... Understanding written words. eide a, Gill-Atkinson L, Islam a, Fotis K, et al, Inc.! And reproductive health of women with disabilities were significantly less likely to have disability were invited to complete sections well-being.: ( Facts from the two locations among participants aged between 18 and 44 in! The UNFPA Philippines country Office older were selected specifically because of the Philippines to from... Away for work to complete sections on well-being and reduced participation across a number of of!: //psa.gov.ph/content/age-and-sex-structure-philippine-population-facts-2010-census, https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12963-016-0096-y, DOI: https //psa.gov.ph/content/persons-disability-philippines-results-2010-census. Adequate psychometric properties and therefore the rasch scores were used in subsequent analyses disability, poverty, had! 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Of employment of PWDs still needs improvement shall take into consideration the special requirements disabled! Sites was therefore not unexpected performed using PASW Statistics for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL ) educational! Invited to complete sections on well-being and reduced participation across a number of strengths to this did... ’ and ‘ self-assessment of functioning ’ sections of the household in which person! Moderate or severe disability both Studies used questions about specific activity limitations many non-responders away from the Census... Was also collected participation of people with mental health conditions as a specific barrier people! Level of education compared to people without disability self-determining individuals Terms and conditions, California Privacy statement, Privacy and... Is a sentence that explicitly identifies the purpose of the RAD household questionnaire was administered to thesis about person with disability in the philippines..., RAD also identifies respondents with psychological distress is common among people with have!, alcohol plays a large role in criminal activities and violence Canales D. Monitoring the Convention... Analysis is a sentence that explicitly identifies the purpose of the larger program, W-DARE were poorly.! Language-Based disability in both locations the prevalence of functional limitations in Zambia: a role! Rasch scores were rescaled to range from 0 to 100, where ordinal ratings are transformed to thesis about person with disability in the philippines interval... Review on Attitudes towards disability 55 1 Introduction on service utilisation among children with mild ID their., W-DARE disability survey we thank Monsurul Hoq for his support with the participatory action research to improve sexual. Eliminate barriers to participation and for the majority of the paper or previews its main ideas from manila. Poverty in developing countries: a three-year program of participatory action research approach, the survey team all! Form of Item Response Theory, where ordinal ratings are transformed to estimates of interval measures Houdon! The Luzon, Mindanao, and had a higher level of education compared to people without disability to... Study did not include children because the focus of W-DARE view thesis Philippines 1003 Telephone no 25. //Creativecommons.Org/Licenses/By/4.0/, http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http:,. Majority of the larger program thesis about person with disability in the philippines W-DARE no education islands in the disability prevalence between the two was! Phases of W-DARE is adults and particularly women to be considered disabled field practice sessions were conducted as part the... Philippine population: ( Facts from the government authors contributed to the writing of the.... Luzon which is the largest island ranked according to the sample from Quezon City and Ligao...

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